Cigars: Processing Tobacco

Cigars: Processing Tobacco

Why Process Tobacco?

After being harvested and cured, tobacco isn't absolutely stabilized and cannot be stored long. It must next be fermented. Fermentation is a fancy process, but to make an extended story short, one can say that it is a transformation of the chemical elements by oxydation.

Fermentation and Aging

Fermentation is a pure transformation of the chemical elements that stabilizes the raw material. The process is reasonably deep and quite fast. When well fermented, a tobacco can be stored for years with out damage.

Growing old is a slow natural evolution , during which time the tobacco is going to enhance its characteristics and to lose its "green" taste. Once blended in a cigar, the tobacco deserves a new period of aging with a view to reach a superb balance between the blend components.

Why Ferment Tobacco?

Past stabilization and storage capability, fermentation makes the tobacco lose its raw and green taste that nobody would really like.

Who can ferment tobacco ?

It's simple to develop a few tobacco crops in your backyard should you like gardening. However if you wish to process it for smoking, you will need to ferment it. If not, you'll have some trouble with the taste. To ferment your tobacco properly, you need either large quantities (hundreds of kilos) to build a bulk quantity for pure processing, or expensive tools for synthetic fermentation. Our recommandation is to grow petunias (ornamental tobacco vegetation, with loads of colourful blossoms) and to buy Backwoods Cigars to enjoy your smoke!

The best way to Ferment Tobacco?

To process a pure fermentation, tobacco is piled up. The load and the natural moisture content enable the fermentation to begin in the midst of the pile. The temperature goes up. When the targeted temperature is reached, the pile is damaged and rebuilt, the outside tobacco moving intoside and vice versa. And that as many occasions as is critical, till the whole pile is correctly fermented. Some heavy tobaccos can want as much as six turnings. It takes months to ferment them correctly.

Fermentation and Rotting

Do not be afraid when reading that tobacco is fermented! Tobacco will not be going to be rotten! Just stabilized and smokeable without providing you with nausea. Fermentation considerably improves the unique taste.

Fermentation and Quality

Each tobacco has its personal fermentation procedure. The principle factors that define the process are the feel of the fabric, and the utilization of the tobacco afterwards. Light wrappers and full bodied fillers usually are not fermented the same way.

Fermentation and Temperature

Humid tobacco leaves put in a pile are going to start out fermenting, giving out heat. The control of the temperature inside the pile is a key factor of success. If the temperature goes too high, the tobacco will be cooked and deteriorate. Each type has its own optimal temperature. When it is reached, the pile needs to be opened to stop the heating process and a new pile is constructed with cooled down tobacco. The outside tobaccos go inside and vice-versa. For instance, a dark air cured tobacco accepts a temperature up to about 130ºF. And catastrophe can start at 140ºF.

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